Surgical Abortion is a common type of surgery if a client decides not to use Pills Abortion. It is a very safe procedure when performed by a trained medical professional. However, all surgery carries some risk.
Some of the complications of surgical abortion can include infection, damage to parts of the reproductive system and excessive bleeding.
The female reproductive system is made of the following:
When you become pregnant, a fertilised egg lodges in the lining of the uterus (the endometrium).
A surgical abortion involves the removal of the pregnancy (sometimes known as the ‘contents of the uterus’) via the vagina by surgical means. To have a surgical abortion, the cervix must be opened wide enough to allow the surgical instruments into the uterus.
Always check with your clinic, but general instructions before undergoing an abortion include:
The clinic you go to for an abortion will tell you about what type of anaesthetic it can offer you, and how you should prepare for it.
Most abortions are performed using ‘suction (vacuum) aspiration’. To have this procedure you need to be in your first trimester (first three months) of pregnancy. (This means you are 12 weeks pregnant or less.)
Your cervix opening is gradually widened with rods of increasing size and a slim tube is then inserted into your uterus. The pregnancy (the fetus and the placenta) is withdrawn with gentle suction. Another instrument called a curette is used to check the uterus is empty.
This operation takes less than 15 minutes.
For a termination of a pregnancy after 12 weeks gestation, for instance in the second trimester, the procedure is similar to that of a first trimester abortion, but your cervix is prepared differently. This can involve:
Be guided by your clinic as to how to care for yourself and reduce your risk of infection after a surgical abortion. Generally, the following suggestions apply (for two weeks after your procedure, or a few days after bleeding has stopped):
See your clinic, GP or a hospital emergency department immediately if:
These symptoms could indicate an infection.